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Family Theatre Dance

Baby steps into the arts

Five things for parents to know about performing arts for babies.


Published: 13 Sep 2018

Pen 2

Updated: 14 Feb 2023

By: Jane Ng

Time taken : ~10mins

It may seem unthinkable to bring a baby to watch a performance. After all, one might have doubts about whether a three-month-old can focus, if a 12-month-old can understand the story, or if a three-year-old can listen attentively.

So when you tell parents about works created for babies, they will naturally go, "Huh?". They may wonder if such content can be meaningful and accessible for the very young ones.

The fact is, an increasing number of productions in Singapore and around the world now cater to babies three and under (yes, even still-swaddled zero-year-old babies), and are created by artistic directors who have done extensive research on the benefits to these tots.

From the use of a few bold colours for costumes and sets, to movements choreographed to capture the attention of babies, much art and science is behind the creation of these shows to give babies an enjoyable experience.

Here are five things about performances for tiny tots that might surprise you:

1. An arts experience woven around developmental milestones

Productions for babies are multi-sensory experiences, designed to suit the milestones in the first three years of a child’s life.

While babies progress to be able to see a full spectrum of colours after a few months, early-years productions intentionally minimise the use of colours to help children focus, said Barbara Małecka, a set designer from Children’s Art Centre Poznan from Poland. The company produces Blisko, a dance-theatre show that celebrates the relationship between nature and family, created for babies from six months to three years of age. She says,

I believe that less is more, so in Blisko, we focus on natural materials and a very limited range of colours and objects.

– Barbara Małecka, Children's Art Centre Poznan.

In addition, babies start to roll over, sit and crawl from four months. They also learn about the world around them through touch. The productions are mindful of these milestones and allow for their young audiences to move around and explore.

In Blisko, which was presented at Esplanade Recital Studio as part of Octoburst! 2018, children are allowed to touch the set pieces and hold and play with props that are handed out towards the end of the performance.

2. Non-verbal connections

A baby who has not started speaking may not look like he is participating in the show. But he is actually constantly making sense of the world and communicating through sounds, gestures and behaviour.

To make sense to the little bubs, actors communicate using their language—one which is non-verbal. Movements are a natural way in which babies communicate. Rosie Heafford, Artistic Director of Second Hand Dance (UK) mentioned that,

Our babies come out dancing and moving and they don’t verbalise straight away; they’re in a very present body landscape. That’s how they encounter the world through touch and through movement.

- Rosie Heafford, Second Hand Dance (UK)

 In <em>We Touch, We Play, We Dance</em>,  babies and children are invited to touch and move along with the dancers. Photo Credit: Zoe Manders

Second Hand Dance is the company behind We Touch, We Play, We Dance, a dance piece made for children below 3-years-old. It will be presented as part of March On 2023 at Esplanade Theatre Studio from 16 - 19 Mar 2023.

Andrea Buzzetti, who performs in Upside Down, a production by La Baracca (Italy) that was also presented at Esplanade for Octoburst! 2018, said he aims to tell young children a story through the language of the theatre, communicating using his expressions and movements. The production welcomes tots from 12 months and above. He and his co-actor, Carlotta Zini, also use simple drawings to tell the story. Upside Down for instance, is about two strangers brought together by a missing cat. Buzzetti says, “We do not want to teach anything, we just want to have an exchange of emotions, and these can be very educational.”


3. Special preparation by production team

From the lighting to the audience size, from the set to the choice of music, the production teams have put in special effort to prepare for these shows.

Lighting is also a critical element in the shows, to create a cozy and calm space for babies. Music selection is another important aspect when it comes to engaging babies. Blisko uses songs by Polish contemporary jazz composer Wacław Zimpel, which has pieces with recurring rhythms, while Upside Down features a Louis Armstrong classic, If I Could be With You, creating a relaxed and soothing setting for babies.

On the other hand, special arrangements can also come into play in the performance itself. In We Touch, We Play, We Dance, its creators have taken great consideration to create separate “gentle performances” for babies 0 to 18-months-old and more energetic performances for older toddlers who might want to participate more actively. 


4. Firing up the senses

Debunking the myth that “babies don't know anything”, Natalie Tse, who was a research assistant with the visual and performing arts academic group at the National Institute of Education, said babies make sense of the world through their five senses.

The more babies are engaged, the more neurons are fired in their brains and that's how they develop cognitively, she said. “While babies may not ‘look’ like they are paying attention, the information is definitely getting to them in one way or another.”

She added that early exposure also helps babies be receptive towards diversity and help them develop a better sense of empathy.

Ruby Lim-Yang, ACT 3 International’s artistic director, agreed that babies have the ability to contextualise, interpret, and translate at their level of cognitive development what they see, hear and feel. ACT 3 International has had experience presenting a babies and early-years theatre festival, Act3i Festival for Children.

Baby Steps in The Arts Blisko

Trained performers who understand and can anticipate how babies and toddlers behave ensure an anxiety-free experience for both parent and child.

5. Quality time with baby

Rather than see it as an experience only for the baby, parents should view these performances as a way of spending quality time with their child, to strengthen the relationship and get to know each other better.

Rachel Lim, Esplanade producer and lead programmer for Esplanade's annual children's festival, March On 2023, on introducing performances to babies and toddlers, said,

We encourage parents to keep an open mind and be assured that actors are well-trained to handle this unique audience. Focus on the bonding time with the baby, just take in the moment, and let the actors handle the rest.

– Rachel Lim, Producer, Esplanade – Theatres on the Bay.

We Touch, We Play, We Dance will be showing at Esplanade Theatre Studio from 16 - 19 Mar 2023 as part of March On.

Contributed by:

Jane Ng

Jane Ng is a former journalist who covered lifestyle, family and education stories. She currently writes a parenting column for The Straits Times and does consulting and writing work for private and government organisations.

Little Steps to Big Dreams

March On

March On is Esplanade’s annual children’s festival that explores relevant issues for the young through multi-disciplinary programmes and participatory arts experiences.

9 – 19 Mar 2023
Esplanade – Theatres on the Bay
March on with us and find out more!