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Wong Meng Voon, who also writes under his pen name Meng Yi, is a renowned scholar, translator, editor, and one of Singapore’s most well-known and prolific Chinese-language authors who has written books on the history of Singapore Chinese-language literature. Best known for his micro-novels, Wong has promoted the form through his writings and critical studies, helping to place Singapore on the world Chinese literary map. In 1981, he became Singapore’s first Chinese-language literature recipient of the Cultural Medallion.
Born on 27 July 1937 in Perak, Malaysia, Wong Meng Voon lived through the Japanese Occupation years with his family who relocated to Pahang to avoid the Japanese invasion. In 1946, he started his primary school education and began reading classical Chinese novels the next year at the age of 10. This would be Wong’s first encounter with Chinese literature that would set him on the path to becoming one of Singapore’s significant Chinese-language writers.
Besides novels, Wong also read Chinese-language short stories and folk story books in primary school. His budding interest in Chinese literature meant that he excelled in Chinese in school. Gaining confidence in his Chinese-language ability and influenced by his passion for reading, Wong felt the impulse to start writing too.
Wong then moved to Penang, Malaysia, and attended Han Jiang High School. Wong began submitting his literary works to Chinese-language literary publications in Malaysia and Singapore, and regularly saw them published. As he made his way up to the upper secondary levels of his studies, he received prizes for his submissions, and other writers and critics would in turn publish analyses of his work. This affirmation of Wong’s abilities as a writer encouraged him to pursue his passion.
In 1958, after a short stint teaching in Pahang, Wong moved to Singapore to study at the Nanyang University where he would obtain his Bachelor of Arts degree in Chinese literature. He then obtained his honours degree at the University of Singapore in 1966 after spending some time as an editor with the Chinese-language newspaper Ming Pao and as a secondary school teacher. Two years later, he obtained his Masters degree at the University of Singapore.
In 1975, Wong received his Ph.D in Asian Studies at the University of Washington, USA. There, Wong had access to many Chinese literary publications that were not easily attainable back in Singapore and Malaysia. Though he had already published two short story collections, his time spent in the US proved to be a particularly enriching and formative period of his writing career that would have a significant impact on his later works.
Wong’s early influences included Guy de Maupassant and Anton Chekhov, both renowned masters of the short story. His early writings were full of compassion for the underprivileged, exemplified in his well-received short story collections 《再见惠兰的时候》 (When I Meet Huilan Again) and 《我要活下去》 (I Want to Live). Later, he was more inspired by the magical realism of South American literature, and his writing style took on shades of satire as he cultivated a style of writing that he could call his own. Several of Wong’s works also came to be translated to other languages such as English, Malay, Tagalog and Japanese.
Besides his own fictional work, Wong has also edited and compiled several anthologies that showcase the works of other Singapore authors, published numerous essays, and edited literary magazines. His 2002 edited volume A Preliminary Study of the History of Singapore Chinese Literature is a significant and pioneering contribution that systematically documents the development of Singapore Chinese literature.
Wong has also been extremely active in promoting literary activities of all kinds in Singapore. A co-founder of the Singapore Association of Writers in 1970, he went on to serve as its president and then honorary president for over 20 years. He also served as the president of the World Chinese Writers Association (Singapore), the vice-president of the Asian Chinese Writers Association, and the charter president of the World Chinese Micro-Fiction Research Association. Despite officially retiring in 2000, he continued to lecture at universities in Singapore, and often represented Singapore at literary conferences worldwide. Since 2002, Wong has also been a member of the Arts Advisory Panel at the National Arts Council, Singapore.
For his accomplishments in Chinese literature, Wong has received many honours including the S. E. A. Write Award in 1981 and the Nanyang Chinese Literature Award in 2011. In 1981, Wong also received the Cultural Medallion for his contributions to literary arts in Singapore.
Wong continues to write and devote himself fully to the development of Chinese literature.
Born in Perak, Malaysia.
Moved with family to Pahang, Malaysia.
Attended Bang Jiang Primary School, Pahang, Malaysia.
Attended Chong Hua Primary School, Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia.
Attended Chong Jing Secondary School, Raub, Pahang, Malaysia.
Received a literary award for short story 往事, published in 《华中月报》, Singapore.
Attended Han Jiang High School, Penang, Malaysia.
Teacher, Chong Hua Primary and Secondary School, Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia.
Moved to Singapore.
Received a literary award for short story 柳暗花明, published by Nanyang University Chinese Society, Singapore.
Graduated from Nanyang University with a Bachelor of Arts in Chinese Language and Literature.
Editor, Min Pao Daily.
Teacher, Ahmad Ibrahim Secondary School, Singapore.
Awarded a fellowship by the Public Service Commission to attend the University of Singapore.
Graduated from Nanyang University with BA Hons (First Class) in Chinese Language and Literature.
Worked in the Singapore Administrative Service.
Graduated from the University of Singapore with Masters in Chinese Literature.
Published short story collection 《再见惠兰的时候》 (When I Meet Huilan Again).
Awarded the Gowen Fellowship to study at the University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
Co-founder, Singapore Association of Writers.
Published short story collection 《我要活下去》 (I Want to Live).
Published 《宋代白话小说研究》 (A Study of Short Stories and Novels of the Sung Dynasty).
Editor, 《新加坡华文文学作品选集》 (A Collection of Singapore Chinese Literature).
Editor, 《新马华文文学大系》 (An Anthology of Singapore Chinese Literature).
Graduated from the University of Washington, Seattle, USA, with a PhD in Asian Studies.
President, Singapore Association of Writers.
Received Translation Prize, National Book Development Council of Singapore.
Distinguished International writer, International Writing Program, University of Iowa, USA.
Published 《新马文艺论丛》 (A Study of Singapore and Malaysia Literature).
Vice-president, Asian Chinese Writers Association.
Received Cultural Medallion for contributions to literary arts. First Chinese-language literary artist to do so.
Received S.E.A. Write Award.
Published Glimpses of the Past: Stories from Singapore and Malaysia.
Editor, 《新华文学作品选》 (Anthology of Singapore Chinese Literature).
President, World Chinese Writers Association (Singapore branch).
Honorary president, Singapore Association of Writers.
Glimpses of the Past: Stories from Singapore and Malaysia published in Tagalog.
Editor, micro-fiction collection 《赤道边缘的珍珠》.
Published short story and micro-novel collection 《安乐窝》 (The Happy Nest).
Published prose and short story collection 《朝阳从我身边掠过: 散文集》 (The Sun Brushes Against Me).
Published short story and micro-novel collection 《学府夏冬》 (From Summertime to Wintertime at Water Curtain Cave Secondary School).
Received Special Literary Award (prose), Beijing Radio, China.
Published 《黄孟文文集》 (A Collection of Wong Meng Voon’s Writings).
Editor, 《新加坡小说精选》(A Collection of Singapore's Short Stories).
Editor, 《新加坡散文精选》(A Collection of Singapore Prose).
Editor, 《亚细安青年微型小说》 (ASEAN Youth Mini-Fiction).
Received Literary Award (prose), Top China magazine, China.
Published 《黄孟文微型小说选评》 (A Collection of Micro-Fiction and Commentaries by Wong Meng Voon).
Published 《新华文学评论集》 (A Collection of Essays on Singapore Chinese Literature).
Editor, 《首届世界华文微型小说研讨会论文集》 (Proceedings from the First World Chinese Micro-Fiction Seminar).
Editor, 《世界华文微型小说名家名作丛编（新马泰卷）》 (World Chinese Micro-Fiction – Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand).
Researcher, Centre for Chinese Language and Culture, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Published prose and short story collection 《啊! 东方城市》(Oh! Eastern City).
Editor, 《新加坡诗歌精选》 (A Collection of Singapore Poetry).
Co-founder, World Chinese Micro-Fiction Research Association.
Charter president, World Chinese Micro-Fiction Research Association.
Researcher, Guangdong Zhangjiang Normal University, China.
Editor, 《新加坡华文文学史初稿》< (A Preliminary Study of Singapore Chinese Literary History).
Member, Arts Advisory Panel, National Art Council, Singapore.
Editor, 《从选集看历史—新马新诗选析》 (A Study of History Between 1919–1965 Through Singapore and Malaysia Chinese Poetry).
Editor, 《亚细安青年微型小说2》 (ASEAN Youth Micro-Fiction 2).
Published 《黄孟文微型小说》 (A Collection of Micro-Fiction by Wong Meng Voon).
Editor, 《世界华文微型小说研究会丛书系列》 (World Chinese Micro-Fiction Research Association Series).
Published 《黄孟文中短篇小说自选集》 (A Self-selected Collection of Short Stories by Wong Meng Voon).
Published 《微型小说微型论》 (A Theoretical Discussion of Micro-Fiction).
Lecturer, Singapore Institute of Management.
Received Whole-Life Accomplishment on World Chinese Micro-Fiction Award, awarded jointly by the World Chinese Micro-Fiction Research Association, China's Micro-Fiction Association and Shanghai's Literary Publishing Association.
Published 《新华文学•世华文学: 评论与史料选辑》 (Singapore and Global Literature – A Collection of Essays and Historical Extracts).
Received Special Recognition Award, National Arts Council, Singapore.
Lecturer, Department of Chinese Studies, National University of Singapore.
Received Nanyang Chinese Literature Award, Confucius Institute, Singapore.
Received Micro-Fiction Lifetime Achievement Award, 4th Zhenzhou Micro-Fiction Festival.
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Wong Meng Voon leading graduates into the ceremony hall at his convocation at Nanyang University. 1962.
6 / 20
Wong Meng Voon with fellow writers at Iowa University, USA. (From left – Bi Shuo Wang, Wong Meng Voon, Xiao Gan, She Hua Ling, Bao Er, An Ge Er, Li Pei De, Gao Zhun). 1979.
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Glimpses of the Past – Stories from Singapore and Malaysia. Tagalog edition. Wong Meng Woon. 1989.
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《新华文学.世华文学 – 评论与史料选辑》Singapore and Global Literature – A Collection of Essays and Historical Extracts. Wong Meng Voon. 2008.
TributeSG celebrates the arts community’s most senior members, and those who have made a lifetime of contribution to the arts. These artists, administrators, educators, patrons, and champions include many Singapore arts pioneers who laid the foundations of the vibrant arts and cultural scene we enjoy today. The many profiles in TributeSG let us into the minds and worlds of these pioneers, and help us understand our shared arts heritage. When we revisit their works and rediscover their journeys, we learn where we came from and how we came to be. Collectively, their stories tell the tale of the making of a nation’s artistic identity.
In putting together this collection, the TributeSG team consulted an external advisory panel, consisting of Arun Mahiznan, Choo Thiam Siew, J. P. Nathan, K. K. Seet, Kwok Kian Chow, and Iskandar Ismail. Those selected to be profiled in TributeSG met one of the following criteria: they were at least 60 years of age as of 12 Oct 2016, or deceased, or had received national recognition in the form of the Cultural Medallion. This journey of arts archival officially came to a close on 12 Oct 2016, after four years of extensive research, interviews and collation of information graciously provided by the TributeSG pioneers, their families and peers. TributeSG also benefited from enthusiastic help from like-minded friends and organisations who supported Esplanade’s cause—to remember, honour and celebrate Singapore’s arts pioneers.