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Chua Mia Tee is one of Singapore’s leading realist painters well known for his evocative paintings of old vanishing Singaporean streetscapes and scenes reflecting the national and social concerns of the day such as his famous Epic Poem of Malaya (1955) and National Language Class (1959). He is also known for his paintings of historic events and portraits of prominent Singaporeans including the nation’s presidents and a sculpted bust of Zubir Said, composer of Singapore’s national anthem. Chua’s artistic oeuvre is a national treasure, invaluable for its historical significance and vivid documentation of the story of a nation. In 2015, Chua received the Cultural Medallion for his contributions to visual arts in Singapore.
Born in Shantou, China, in 1931, Chua Mia Tee moved to Singapore with his family in 1937 to escape the Sino-Japanese war in China. Growing up in Singapore, Chua would often watch his father, a businessman who was a self-taught painter, draw portraits of his grandparents. From here, Chua discovered an interest for art, and began sketching and painting.
He began his primary education at Shuqun School and then Tuan Mong School, where his talents were quickly noticed in his art assignments, which would regularly receive high marks and be put on display. His studies would be temporarily halted by the Japanese Occupation. But even then as he moved with his family to Indonesia to avoid the war, Chua continued to draw with his father buying him Chinese ink and colour pencils to use.
Chua returned to Tuan Mong School in 1947 when World War II ended. After completing his primary education, he started attending Chung Cheng High School. Wanting to pursue his passion for art, Chua put his secondary school studies on hold midway through and enrolled at the Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts to study art. This decision was encouraged by Chua’s art-loving father who believed that his son’s talent for art was worth cultivating.
At the Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts, Chua studied under pioneering Singapore artists such as Lim Hak Tai and Cheong Soo Pieng, learning how to draw with charcoal and oils. He practised drawing diligently every day, arriving early in the day and often painting late into the night after his classes, stopping only to eat his meals. Chua would also visit the school’s library to read art books and catalogues, discovering the works of Rembrandt, Goya, Repin, Delacroix, Gericaut and Xu Beihong, artists who would come to influence his work.
In 1952, Chua graduated from the academy and remained to become a full-time art teacher, where he would teach for two years before returning to Chung Cheng High School to complete his secondary school education. After which, he returned to the academy as an art teacher again.
Chua left the academy in 1957 to embark on an almost two-decade career in commercial art. He became an illustrator at the Shanghai Book Company and went on to become a designer with Grant Advertising International for a period of time. After, he joined the Times Organisation’s Federal Publication as a book designer and illustrator. Throughout this time, he kept in touch with his love for drawing in his work as a commercial illustrator, and at the same time, he practiced his art on the side. With meticulous observation and great skill, he painted local landscapes and people, scenes of local life, scenes depicting the national and social concerns of the day and significant moments in history.
In 1974, when Chua held his first solo exhibition at the Rising Art Gallery, the relevance and significance of his social realist paintings garnered him much critical acclaim and success. This was to be a defining moment for him and he decided to leave his commercial job and become a full-time artist at the age of 43.
Especially early on in his art practice, Chua felt compelled to document scenes of life, people and places that he noticed were under threat of disappearing as a result of rapid urban redevelopment. He placed artistic and historical value on these art works, frequently painting the Singapore River and Chinatown to preserve the memories of the neighbourhoods in which he grew up.
Chua also recorded in painting significant moments in Singapore history such as the swearing-in ceremony of then Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. He painted Singapore scenes that gave a sense of current national and social concerns such as his famous Epic Poem of Malaya in 1955 and National Language Class in 1959, both of which inspiring much critical analysis and even theatre productions.
He would also gain fame as an acclaimed portraitist, painting the portraits of some of Singapore’s most significant figures in history such as the nation’s presidents and ministers, as well as sculpted portrait busts, including that of Zubir Said, the composer of Singapore’s national anthem.
Over the next few decades, using predominantly oils on canvas and sometimes using other mediums such as acrylic, mixed media, watercolour, bronze and reliefs, and inspired by travels to Hong Kong, Indonesia, Spain and Italy, he forged a body of work comprising paintings, drawings and portraits distinguished by their masterful artistry and national and social relevance. He exhibited his works at home and abroad in places such as Belgium, Germany, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia and Thailand in both solo and group exhibitions.
In Oct 2015, Chua received the Cultural Medallion for his contributions to visual arts in Singapore.
Chua continues to paint. His portrait of Singapore’s first president Yusof Ishak, drawn in 1998, can be found on Singapore’s currency notes.
Born in Shantou, Guandong Province, China.
Moved to Singapore with family.
Attended Shuren School, then Tuan Mong School.
Moved to Indonesia with family during the Japanese Occupation of Singapore.
Returned to Singapore.
Attended Tuan Mong School.
Attended Chung Cheng High School.
Attended Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts.
Teacher, Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts.
Attended Chung Cheng High School. Completed secondary school education.
Teacher, Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts.
Illustrator, Shanghai Book Company.
Created a portrait bust of the Zubir Said.
Designer, Grant Advertising International.
Designer and illustrator, Time’s Organisation’s Federal Publication.
Solo exhibition at Rising Art Gallery, Singapore.
Becomes full-time artist.
Commissioned to make 36 sketches of ministers and members of parliament during parliamentary meetings.
Joint exhibition with wife Lee Boo Ngan, Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Singapore.
Solo exhibition, British Council, Singapore.
National Day painting on the theme “25 Years of Nation Building, 1959-1984” featured on front page of The Straits Times.
Solo exhibition, Long Pine Gallery, Ming Court Hotel, Singapore.
Created relief mural Towards High Technology, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore.
Portrait painter of winners of the annual Businessman of the Year Award, Singapore.
Instructor, 5th ASEAN Youth Workshop masterclasses.
Solo exhibition The Art of Chua Mia Tee, Ministry of Community Development and the National Museum, Singapore.
Participated in 50th Painting Exhibition of R. Basoeki Abdullah R.A.N., Jakarta, Indonesia.
Participated in 1st Bru-Sin Art Exhibition, Brunei.
Joint exhibition with wife Lee Boon Ngan, Hilton International, Singapore
Designed Singapore's new $50 currency note to commemorate Singapore’s 25th anniversary.
Designed Singapore's $2 currency note.
Painted portrait of Chief Justice Wee Chong Jin.
Painted Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew, which was a May Day gift from the National Trades Union Congress.
Solo exhibition Chua Mia Tee – The Best of Four Decades, Empress Place, Singapore.
Painted The Opening of the 8th Parliament for the Parliament of Singapore.
Painted portrait of Chief Justice Yong Pung How.
Painted portrait of Singapore President Ong Teng Cheong for his conferral of The Distinguished Comrade of Labour Award by the National Trades Union Congress, Singapore.
Painted a series of paintings of Singapore's five presidents with their ten important ministers for the Istana, Singapore.
Designed the One Million Dollars Commemorative Note, a souvenir note to mark the handover of Hong Kong by UK to China.
Painted portrait of first Singapore President Yusof Ishak for new series of President Portrait currency notes.
Painted portraits of the Singapore presidents Yusof Bin Ishak and Benjamin Sheares for the newly built Parliament House, Singapore.
Painted The Opening of the 9th Parliament for the Parliament of Singapore.
Painted portrait of Singapore President S. R. Nathan for his 80th birthday.
Received the Cultural Medallion for his contributions to visual arts in Singapore.
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Accompanying book to Chua Mia Tee 1988, exhibition presented by Ministry of Community Development and the National Museum, Singapore. 9–27 March 1988.
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Accompanying book to Chua Mia Tee Art Exhibition - The Best of Four Decades, at Empress Place Museum Art Gallery. 6 - 15 Sep 1992.
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Chief Justice Yong Pung How. Oil on canvas. 120 x 90 cm. Chua Mia Tee. Commissioned by Singapore Law Society. 1993.
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President Ong Teng Cheong. Oil on Canvas. 120 x 90 cm. Chua Mia Tee. Commissioned by NTUC for President's 60th birthday. 1996.
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President Devan Nair. Oil on canvas. 100 x 100 cm. Chua Mia Tee. Commissioned by Board of Commissioners of Currency Singapore. 1997.
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President Yusof bin Ishak. Commissioned by Parliament of Singapore. Oil on canvas. 100 x 100 cm. Commissioned by Parliament of Singapore. 1999.
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President Benjamin Henry Sheares. Oil on canvas. 100 x 100 cm. Chua Mia Tee. Commissioned by Parliament of Singapore. 1999.
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Chua Mia Tee with his portrait of President S. R. Nathan at The West Drawing Room of the Istana. Oil on canvas. 200 x 12 cm. Commissioned by Board of Commissioners of Currency Singapapore. 2002.
TributeSG celebrates the arts community’s most senior members, and those who have made a lifetime of contribution to the arts. These artists, administrators, educators, patrons, and champions include many Singapore arts pioneers who laid the foundations of the vibrant arts and cultural scene we enjoy today. The many profiles in TributeSG let us into the minds and worlds of these pioneers, and help us understand our shared arts heritage. When we revisit their works and rediscover their journeys, we learn where we came from and how we came to be. Collectively, their stories tell the tale of the making of a nation’s artistic identity.
In putting together this collection, the TributeSG team consulted an external advisory panel, consisting of Arun Mahiznan, Choo Thiam Siew, J. P. Nathan, K. K. Seet, Kwok Kian Chow, and Iskandar Ismail. Those selected to be profiled in TributeSG met one of the following criteria: they were at least 60 years of age as of 12 Oct 2016, or deceased, or had received national recognition in the form of the Cultural Medallion. This journey of arts archival officially came to a close on 12 Oct 2016, after four years of extensive research, interviews and collation of information graciously provided by the TributeSG pioneers, their families and peers. TributeSG also benefited from enthusiastic help from like-minded friends and organisations who supported Esplanade’s cause—to remember, honour and celebrate Singapore’s arts pioneers.